>Brief

 
    

Location:
Located at 31˚14’ North Latitude and 121˚29’ East Longitude, Shanghai lies in the foreside of the Yangtze River Delta, exposing to the East China Sea. Bordering on the rich Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces on the west and Hangzhou Bay on the south, Shanghai faces the west coast of the United States across the vast Pacific Ocean on its east. North of the city, the Yangtze River pours into the East China Sea. It also assumes the central location of China's north-south coastline. Thanks to its advantageous geographic location, Shanghai has today become t he largest port of China and the third largest port of the world.

Area:
The city occupies a total area of 6,340.5 square kilometers (of which the downtown area within the outer beltway is 610 square kilometers.), extending about 120 kilometers in north and south and nearly 100 kilometers in east and west. Covering an area of 1,041 square kilometers, Chongming Island ranks the third largest island in China.

Administrative Division:
Shanghai has one county (Chongming) and seventeen districts (Huangpu, Luwan, Xuhui, Yangpu, Changning, Jing’an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Pudong New Area, Baoshan, Jiading, Minhang, Jinshan, Songjiang, Qingpu, and Fengxian)


Population:
Shanghai has about 20,000,000 permanent residents and over 6,000,000 floating population.

City Flower:
White magnolia

Shanghai, as a booming city, is an important port in the West Pacific Area as well as China’s largest commercial and financial center. With its comprehensive connection with China’s inland and foreign countries as well as its advanced transport and communication, Shanghai now are drawing more and more attentions.

Shanghai lies in the alluvial plain produced by the Yangtze River. Its name came from Shanghai Creek, a tributary of Wusong River. During the Spring and Autumn Period Shanghai belonged to Wu State. Shanghai has another short name "Hu", which came from "Hu Du". During the Warring States fishermen in Shanghai invented a bamboo fishing device called "Hu". ("Du" in Chinese means "creek"). This area was called "Hu Du" before it became known as Shanghai. In East Jin Dynasty a rampart called “Hu Du” was built to guard against the pirates.

Shanghai is a famous historic and cultural city of China, acclaimed as a major metropolis in Southeast China and a port that connects waterway transportation of rivers and seas. As a saying goes, one can see the 2000 years history of China in Xi’an, 1000 years history in Beijing, and the history of the last century in Shanghai. As a miniature of modern and contemporary China, Shanghai is endowed with rich historic heritages. Furthermore, Shanghai’s status as the birthplace of Chinese Communist Party adds unique charm to the city. Many historical figures once lived or worked in Shanghai, such as Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen), Song Qinling, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Lu Xun, Li Hongzhang, Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek), and Song Ziwen, bequeathing to Shanghai a memorable history that can still be traced today at their old residences in the city.

Shanghai distinguishes itself from other cities by its modern flavor. Its forced open-up to foreign countries in 1843 results in its cultural character that combines the miscellaneous cultures both from home and abroad. The establishment of the newly emerged national finance market, security market, futures market, foreign exchanges market and technology exchange market in Shanghai has ensured its status as the national center of resource allocation and has meanwhile accelerated its development so as to get integrated in the world economy. In October 2001 APEC meeting was held in Shanghai. And the 2010 World Expo will also be hosted here. Shanghai’s status as one of the international economic, financial and trade centers in the new century has been basically established.

Today Shanghai is a modern metropolis featuring Haipai culture (Shanghai local culture) as well as traditional Chinese characters. This thriving city radiates its unique charm everywhere: Old foreign architectures at the Bund and the high-rises in Pudong New Area supplement and enhance each other’s beauty; Songs of Choirs are heard in the Xu Jiahui Church and fragrant smokes wreathe the censer in Jade Buddha Temple; Elder people play mahjong under the arcade, while youngsters play football on the alley; Hu Opera and Shanghai Farce are staged at People Theatre, while symphony and ballet are presented at Shanghai Grand Theater. Chinese and foreign cuisines, traditional and modern dishes, all gourment food can be found in Shanghai: such as Shanghai local dishes at old restaurants, Guangdong snacks at Xinhualou Restaurant, snacks of various regions on Yunnan Road, French cuisine at Red House Restaurant, Tender Boiled Chicken at Xiaoshaoxing Restaurant, KFC, teashop on Shanghai Old Street and bars on Hengshan Road. When the night falls and neon lights radiate, Shanghai shows people another side of its beauty. The jazz music at Peace Hotel and the ensemble of traditional stringed and woodwind instruments at Yuyuan Garden makes people recall the old Shanghai in the 1920s and 1930s, while the rhythm of modern disco and numerous Internet Bars remind people that they are surrounded by the modern culture of 21st century.

The twenty-first century is seeing the prosperity and open-up of Shanghai. Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Shanghai International Convention Center and Pudong International Airport all indicate the bright future of this international metropolis. The twenty-first century is also seeing the convergence of glory and dream in Shanghai. Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Grand Theatre and Shanghai City Planning Exhibition Center all present the grandeur and magnificence of this city. Shanghai in the new century is a paradigm of modernization, internationalization and fashion. Welcome, friends from all over the world!